When designing the recessed lighting for a room, approach it as three separate layers: General lighting, task lighting, and accent lighting.
Every room needs general lighting to provide overall light for the room. The goal is to give you full control over the brightness of the room, day or night.
1. Determine the number of lights that are appropriate for the room.
2. Based on the number of lights, decide on a layout (pattern).
3. Choose the LED lights that you plan to use.
4. Decide where and how you’d like to control the the lighting.
If an area in the room would benefit from additional overhead lighting, consider adding task lights in addition to the general lighting. Examples would be areas like above the sink or an island in the kitchen, above a desk in a home office or above a reading chair in the corner of a room. Task lights should be controlled by their own switch.
The unobtrusive design of recessed lighting makes it ideal for accent lighting. If appropriate for the room, choose one or more focal points to highlight with accent lighting. Accent lights should also be controlled by their own switch.